Diseases of the Urinary System

The urinary system also called the renal system, stores, produces and removes urine, the liquid waste excreted by the kidneys. The urinary system contains two ureters, two kidneys, two sphincter muscles, the bladder and the urethra.

Diseases of the Urinary SystemKidney diseases are handled by a nephrologist, who finishes a three year residency in internal medicine following medical school. That is followed by a two year (or longer) fellowship in nephrology.

Urologists deal with ailments involving the urinary system in both females and males, such as the adrenal glands, kidneys, bladder, ureters and urethra. Urologists also deal with the male reproductive organs, while gynecologists frequently treat urinary diseases or disorders in women, including yeast infections.

Nephrologists and urologists often function with oncologists or endocrinologists, according to the disease.

Urinary system infections (UTIs) take place when bacteria gets into the urinary system and can impact the bladder, urethra as well as the kidneys. While UTIs are more common in females, they can take place in men. UTIs are typically handled with antibiotics.

Functions of the Urinary System

The function of the urinary system is to sustain the volume and composition of body liquids within normal limits. One aspect of this function is to eliminate the body of waste products that accumulate due to cellular metabolism and, due to this, it is sometimes known as the excretory system.

Even though urinary system has a significant role in excretion, other organs lead to the excretory function. The lungs in the respiratory system emit some waste material, such as water and carbon dioxide. The skin is another excretory organ that rids the body of wastes via the sweat glands. The liver and intestines excrete bile colors that derive from the destruction of hemoglobin. The main task of excretion still belongs to the urinary system. If it fails the other organs cannot take over and compensate adequately.

The urinary system maintains a proper fluid volume by controlling the amount of water that is passed in the urine. Other aspects of its function contain regulating the concentrations of different electrolytes in your body fluids and keeping normal pH of the blood.

Fun Facts about the Urinary System

1. The human bladder can stretch to keep about 400ml of urine.

2. All of the blood in your body is filtered 400 times via the kidneys every day.

3. Urine remains in the bladder for approximately 5 hours before discharge based on the amount of liquid consumed if the urinary system is healthy.

4. Nerves deliver signals to the mind when the bladder needs to be emptied, with this sign you will feel the urge to empty your bladder.

5. The bladder swells into a circular shape like a balloon when full and gets smaller when empty. However there should be a control limit that should not be exceeded in situations in which we have had to handle our full bladder because of unavailability of a restroom.

6. The kidney can clean greater than 1 million gallons of water in a lifetime, which is greater than enough to fill up a small lake.

7. You may suffer from stress if the muscles supporting the bladder are weakened. You can aid to strengthen these by performing pelvic floor exercises.

8. Urine is a blood byproduct and is non-toxic. It includes 95% water, 2.5% urea and 2.5% of other mixes of minerals, salts and enzymes.

9. If one kidney does not function and is taken out, the other kidney can improve in size by 50% within 8 weeks to handle the whole task of filtration.

10. Urine is frequently diluted and put into potted plants in the garden as it has adequate urea content that is a wonderful source of nitrogen to plants.

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